Aria2下载BT种子没有速度

BT 下载并不是一个人的事,比如你在下载一部影片时,背后其实是有一群和你下载同样影片的人在为你上传,同时你也在为他人上传,这个影片下载的人越多,给你上传的人就会越多,速度就会越快。但如果找不到这些人,你就可能无法下载。那么如何才能找到和你下载同样影片的人呢?

开放端口

在未开放端口的情况下,Aria2 无法与外界进行数据交换。所以开放端口是进行 BT 下载的首要条件。

如果是在 VPS 上使用 Aria2 下载,最简单粗暴的办法是关闭防火墙。如果你不想这么做,那么首先要知道端口号,这也许是你自己设置的,也许是默认的,总之打开 Aria2 配置文件就知道了。以下是 Aria2 完美配置中的端口信息

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# BT监听端口
listen-port=51413
# DHT网络监听端口
dht-listen-port=6881-6999

端口在配置文件中,一般地址在
/root/.aria2/aria2.conf
知道端口号后让防火墙放行这些端口即可。
如果是服务器就去安全组里开放端口。
如果是在本地电脑或者 NAS 上使用 Aria2 下载,需要在路由器上设置端口转发,Aria2 暂不支持 UPnP.

添加 BitTorrent tracker

Bit­Tor­rent tracker 是帮助 BT 协议在节点与节点之间做连接的服务器,俗称 BT 服务器、tracker 服务器(以下简称为 tracker )。BT 下载一开始就要连接到 tracker ,从 tracker 获得其他客户端 IP 地址后,才能连接到其他客户端下载。在传输过程中,也会一直与 tracker 通信,上传自己的信息,获取其它客户端的信息。所以 tracker 在 BT 下载中起到了至关重要的作用。

每个 BT 种子都会内置 tracker ,但可能因为不可抗力而导致连接困难或者速度不理想,这就意味着很难找到下载相同资源的人。好在这个问题可以通过添加额外 tracker 来解决,这样你遇到和你下载同样资源的人的机会就更多,就更容易找到给你上传的人,速度自然就会快了。

trackerslist 是一个提供 tracker 列表的项目,几乎每天都会更新。列表还分为 udp、http、ws…… 小孩子才做选择,所以直接选择 trackers_all 这个包含所有服务器的列表。然后更改格式,tracker 之间用 , 隔开,再添加到 Aria2 配置文件中,就像下面这样:

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http://104.238.198.186:8000/announce,http://107.150.14.110:6969/announce,http://109.121.134.121:1337/announce,http://114.55.113.60:6969/announce,http://125.227.35.196:6969/announce,http://128.199.70.66:5944/announce,http://1337.abcvg.info:80/announce,http://157.7.202.64:8080/announce,http://158.69.146.212:7777/announce,http://173.254.204.71:1096/announce,http://178.175.143.27:80/announce,http://178.33.73.26:2710/announce,http://182.176.139.129:6969/announce,http://185.5.97.139:8089/announce,http://185.83.215.123:6969/announce,http://188.165.253.109:1337/announce,http://194.106.216.222:80/announce,http://195.123.209.37:1337/announce,http://210.244.71.25:6969/announce,http://210.244.71.26:6969/announce,http://213.163.67.56:1337/announce,http://37.19.5.139:6969/announce,http://37.19.5.155:6881/announce,http://46.4.109.148:6969/announce,http://5.79.249.77:6969/announce,http://5.79.83.193:2710/announce,http://51.254.244.161:6969/announce,http://59.36.96.77:6969/announce,http://62.210.202.61:80/announce,http://74.82.52.209:6969/announce,http://78.30.254.12:2710/announce,http://80.246.243.18:6969/announce,http://81.200.2.231:80/announce,http://85.17.19.180:80/announce,http://87.110.238.140:6969/announce,http://87.248.186.252:8080/announce,http://87.253.152.137:80/announce,http://91.216.110.47:80/announce,http://91.217.91.21:3218/announce,http://91.218.230.81:6969/announce,http://93.92.64.5:80/announce,http://95.107.48.115:80/announce,http://95.211.168.204:2710/announce,http://[2001:1b10:1000:8101:0:242:ac11:2]:6969/announce,http://[2001:470:1:189:0:1:2:3]:6969/announce,http://[2a04:ac00:1:3dd8::1:2710]:2710/announce,http://aaa.army:8866/announce,http://agusiq-torrents.pl:6969/announce,http://asnet.pw:2710/announce,http://atrack.pow7.com:80/announce,http://bt.henbt.com:2710/announce,http://bt.pusacg.org:8080/announce,http://bt2.careland.com.cn:6969/announce,http://exodus.desync.com:80/announce,http://explodie.org:6969/announce,http://fxtt.ru:80/announce,http://grifon.info:80/announce,http://gshk.happy-host.com/test:80/announce.php,http://h4.trakx.nibba.trade:80/announce,http://mail2.zelenaya.net:80/announce,http://npupt.com:80/announce.php,http://ns349743.ip-91-121-106.eu:80/announce,http://open.acgnxtracker.com:80/announce,http://open.acgtracker.com:1096/announce,http://open.lolicon.eu:7777/announce,http://open.touki.ru:80/announce.php,http://opentracker.acgnx.se:80/announce,http://opentracker.i2p.rocks:6969/announce,http://p4p.arenabg.ch:1337/announce,http://p4p.arenabg.com:1337/announce,http://peersteers.org:80/announce,http://pow7.com:80/announce,http://pt.lax.mx:80/announce,http://retracker.bashtel.ru:80/announce,http://retracker.gorcomnet.ru:80/announce,http://retracker.hotplug.ru:2710/announce,http://retracker.krs-ix.ru:80/announce,http://retracker.mgts.by:80/announce,http://retracker.ohys.net:80/announce,http://retracker.sevstar.net:2710/announce,http://retracker.spark-rostov.ru:80/announce,http://retracker.telecom.by:80/announce,http://secure.pow7.com:80/announce,http://seeders-paradise.org:80/announce,http://share.camoe.cn:8080/announce,http://siambit.org:80/announce.php,http://sndabt.sdo.com:80/announce,http://t.acg.rip:6699/announce,http://t.nyaatracker.com:80/announce,http://t.overflow.biz:6969/announce,http://t1.leech.ie:80/announce,http://t1.pow7.com:80/announce,http://t2.leech.ie:80/announce,http://t2.pow7.com:80/announce,http://t3.leech.ie:80/announce,http://thetracker.org:80/announce,http://torrent.gresille.org:80/announce,http://torrent.nwps.ws:80/announce,http://torrentsmd.com:8080/announce,http://torrentsmd.eu:8080/announce,http://torrentsmd.me:8080/announce,http://tr.cili001.com:8070/announce,http://tr.kxmp.cf:80/announce,http://tracker.acgnx.se:80/announce,http://tracker.aletorrenty.pl:2710/announce,http://tracker.baravik.org:6970/announce,http://tracker.birkenwald.de:6969/announce,http://tracker.bittor.pw:1337/announce,http://tracker.bittorrent.am:80/announce,http://tracker.blazing.de:80/announce,http://tracker.bt4g.com:2095/announce,http://tracker.bz:80/announce,http://tracker.calculate.ru:6969/announce,http://tracker.city9x.com:2710/announce,http://tracker.corpscorp.online:80/announce,http://tracker.devil-torrents.pl:80/announce,http://tracker.dler.org:6969/announce,http://tracker.dutchtracking.com:80/announce,http://tracker.dutchtracking.nl:80/announce,http://tracker.edoardocolombo.eu:6969/announce,http://tracker.electro-torrent.pl:80/announce,http://tracker.ex.ua:80/announce,http://tracker.files.fm:6969/announce,http://tracker.filetracker.pl:8089/announce,http://tracker.flashtorrents.org:6969/announce,http://tracker.gbitt.info:80/announce,http://tracker.gcvchp.com:2710/announce,http://tracker.grepler.com:6969/announce,http://tracker.internetwarriors.net:1337/announce,http://tracker.ipv6tracker.ru:80/announce,http://tracker.kamigami.org:2710/announce,http://tracker.kicks-ass.net:80/announce,http://tracker.kuroy.me:5944/announce,http://tracker.lelux.fi:80/announce,http://tracker.mg64.net:6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nounce,udp://retracker.baikal-telecom.net:2710/announce,udp://retracker.hotplug.ru:2710/announce,udp://retracker.lanta-net.ru:2710/announce,udp://retracker.netbynet.ru:2710/announce,udp://retracker.nts.su:2710/announce,udp://retracker.sevstar.net:2710/announce,udp://santost12.xyz:6969/announce,udp://shadowshq.eddie4.nl:6969/announce,udp://shadowshq.yi.org:6969/announce,udp://tc.animereactor.ru:8082/announce,udp://thetracker.org:80/announce,udp://torrent.gresille.org:80/announce,udp://torrentclub.tech:6969/announce,udp://tr.bangumi.moe:6969/announce,udp://tr.cili001.com:8070/announce,udp://tracker-udp.gbitt.info:80/announce,udp://tracker.0o.is:6969/announce,udp://tracker.aletorrenty.pl:2710/announce,udp://tracker.army:6969/announce,udp://tracker.beeimg.com:6969/announce,udp://tracker.birkenwald.de:6969/announce,udp://tracker.bittor.pw:1337/announce,udp://tracker.coppersurfer.tk:6969/announce,udp://tracker.cyberia.is:6969/announce,udp://tracker.cypherpunks.ru:6969/announce,udp://tracker.dler.org:6969/announce,udp://tracker.doko.moe:6969/announce,udp://tracker.ds.is:6969/announce,udp://tracker.dutchtracking.com:6969/announce,udp://tracker.eddie4.nl:6969/announce,udp://tracker.ex.ua:80/announce,udp://tracker.filemail.com:6969/announce,udp://tracker.filepit.to:6969/announce,udp://tracker.filetracker.pl:8089/announce,udp://tracker.flashtorrents.org:6969/announce,udp://tracker.grepler.com:6969/announce,udp://tracker.halfchub.club:6969/announce,udp://tracker.iamhansen.xyz:2000/announce,udp://tracker.ilibr.org:80/announce,udp://tracker.internetwarriors.net:1337/announce,udp://tracker.justseed.it:1337/announce,udp://tracker.kamigami.org:2710/announce,udp://tracker.kicks-ass.net:80/announce,udp://tracker.kuroy.me:5944/announce,udp://tracker.leechers-paradise.org:6969/announce,udp://tracker.lelux.fi:6969/announce,udp://tracker.moeking.me:6969/announce,udp://tracker.msm8916.com:6969/announce,udp://tracker.nyaa.uk:6969/announce,udp://tracker.open-internet.nl:6969/announce,udp://tracker.openbittorrent.com:80/announce,udp://tracker.opentrackr.org:1337/announce,udp://tracker.piratepublic.com:1337/announce,udp://tracker.sbsub.com:2710/announce,udp://tracker.skyts.net:6969/announce,udp://tracker.swateam.org.uk:2710/announce,udp://tracker.teambelgium.net:6969/announce,udp://tracker.tiny-vps.com:6969/announce,udp://tracker.torrent.eu.org:451/announce,udp://tracker.torrentbay.to:6969/announce,udp://tracker.tvunderground.org.ru:3218/announce,udp://tracker.uw0.xyz:6969/announce,udp://tracker.vanitycore.co:6969/announce,udp://tracker.yoshi210.com:6969/announce,udp://tracker.zerobytes.xyz:1337/announce,udp://tracker.zum.bi:6969/announce,udp://tracker1.itzmx.com:8080/announce,udp://tracker2.christianbro.pw:6969/announce,udp://tracker2.indowebster.com:6969/announce,udp://tracker2.itzmx.com:6961/announce,udp://tracker3.itzmx.com:6961/announce,udp://tracker4.itzmx.com:2710/announce,udp://tracker4.piratux.com:6969/announce,udp://valakas.rollo.dnsabr.com:2710/announce,udp://wambo.club:1337/announce,udp://www.loushao.net:8080/announce,udp://xxxtor.com:2710/announce,udp://z.mercax.com:53/announce,udp://zephir.monocul.us:6969/announce,udp://zer0day.ch:1337/announce,udp://zer0day.to:1337/announce

这个怎么获得呢?
利用下方这个脚本获取支持aria2格式的tracker 列表

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bash <(curl -fsSL git.io/tracker.sh) cat

然后在aria2.conf配置文件中更改即可

一键脚本

上面这些看起来头好大
对于小白我这里提供一个一键安装脚本GitHub地址https://github.com/P3TERX/aria2.sh

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bash <(wget -qO- git.io/aria2.sh)

可以一键安装aria2和自动更新 BT-Tracker
当然端口还是要手动去开启的。